Researchers have found out that climate change is making India’s monsoon a lot more powerful and could lead to scary consequences around food, farming, and the economy. In fact, the study conducted by researchers not only confirmed the trends observed in previous research but further revealed that global warming is leading to a surge in monsoon rainfall in India even more than earlier thought, reports AFP.
As per the report, the study has been conducted by researchers at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) who found that every degree Celsius of warming would likely increase monsoon rainfall by about five per cent.
“Since Indian society is overall affected by the monsoon in a very strong way, stronger variability produces problems for agriculture, but also for the organisation of public life,” said Anders Levermann from PIK and Columbia University. “If your roads are flooded, if your train tracks are flooded, that inhibits economic productivity.”
The new analysis by scientists compared over 30 climate models from around the world that predicted extremely wet rainy seasons from June to September each year. This also raises concerns around key crops in India such as rice getting badly affected during crucial growing stages.
Now, although the study reveals that climate change is making India’s monsoon more chaotic, India’s Meteorological Department recently announced a “normal monsoon” for India this year where the country is expected to receive 98% of the long-period average rainfall. Southwest monsoon seasonal (June to September) rainfall over the country as a whole is most likely to be normal (96 to 104 % of Long Period Average (LPA)).
Quantitatively, the monsoon seasonal (June to September) rainfall is likely to be 98% of the Long Period Average (LPA) with a model error of ± 5%. The LPA of the season rainfall over the country as a whole for the period 1961-2010 is 88 cm, states the press release.